Post-war years saw a prolonged period of strong economic growth well into the late 1960s, led by industrialization, large-scale manufacturing, and a vibrant environment of small and medium-sized enterprises.However, Bergamo's climate is designated with an f because there is statistically significant rainfall throughout the winter (in order to qualify for a w precipitation designation under the Köppen scale, the driest month in the winter would need to have less than 12.95 mm (1 in)) The town has two centres: Città alta ("upper city"), a hilltop medieval town, surrounded by 16th-century defensive walls, and the Città bassa ("lower city").While the countryside was seen as a cheap source of resources and workforce, the Venetian rule resulted in several urban improvements.A Jacobin revolutionary municipality was established on 13 March 1797, in the context of the 1796 campaign led by the French Revolutionary Army, effectively ending more than three centuries of Venetian rule.In 1907, Marcello Piacentini devised a new urban master plan that was implemented between 19, in a style reminiscent of Novecento Italiano and Modernist Rationalism.Bergamo was of the few Italian cities that did not suffer major destruction during World War II.The wars, which were both a result and cause of Venetian involvement in the power politics of mainland Italy, prompted Venice to assert its direct rule over its mainland domains.
From the 6th century Bergamo was the seat of one of the most important Lombard duchies of northern Italy, together with Brescia, Trento, and Cividale del Friuli: its first Lombard duke was Wallaris.
From 1264, Bergamo was intermittently under the rule of Milan.
In 1331, it gave itself to John of Bohemia, but the Milanese Visconti reconquered it.
Bergamo is served by Il Caravaggio International Airport (5 km), the third-busiest airport in Italy with 10.5 million passengers in 2015, Milan-Linate Airport (40 km), Milan-Malpensa Airport (80 km) and Verona-Valerio Catullo Airport (100 km).
The Chart of Bergamo commits the Group of Seven to reduce hunger for 500 milion people worldwide in 2030, to strengthen cooperation for agricultural development in Africa, to combat food waste, to ensure price transparency.For its contribution to the Italian unification movement, Bergamo is also known as Città dei Mille ("City of the Thousand"), because a significant part of the rank-and-file supporting Giuseppe Garibaldi in his expedition against the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies came from Bergamo and its environs.